The zero-waste movement started back in centuries, but in its modern form, it was created around the 1980s due to the extensive production of single-use plastics, which resulted in enormous landfill waste and climate change recognition. The system can move towards a circular economy through zero waste where limited trash gets thrown away, contaminating the land, the air, or the oceans.
Zero waste follows one of the main Rs' simple guide; reduce, reuse, recycle. Firstly, it is essential to check on our consumerism habits and minimize our belongings to an amount that makes us happy and comfortable. That way, we avoid overbuying items that will eventually end up in the trash. Reusing can be easily achieved by using things passed down from someone we know or bought in a second-hand shop. Although it represents a significant role, recycling is not enough on its own. It is performed correctly after getting information on the issue since the recycling system excludes many plastic types. Lastly, composting is an additional and effective practice to reduce food waste.
The zero-waste movement aims for a more conscious consumerism action with a healthy environmental footprint. An unnecessarily large part of the planet is occupied by-product waste in landfills. As far as plastic is concerned, there are 6,9 billion tons of plastic that have become waste on the planet. Zero waste addresses this issue and encourages people to lower everyday waste that can easily be avoided and replace single-use items, from plastic bags, packages, and bottles to beauty products, razors, and soaps with reusable options.
However, zero waste should not concern only citizens but governments, businesses, and industries. The movement supports product design with sustainable, natural materials with a vision of long-term use and natural resources conservation. It should also be a national and international plan for governments to take more responsible measures in the market production and waste management, including anti-incineration and reduced plastic production. Policies for environmental conservation and global warming are crucial and are the most efficient way for a global zero waste lifestyle.