Women are often discouraged from being scientists, facing gender discrimination and lack of recognition. However, there are countless examples to prove that female representation in science can lead to achievements, changing the world as we know it.
Emmanuelle Charpentier (age 52) and Jennifer A. Doudna (age 57)
Scientists in Biochemistry and Genetics won the Nobel in Chemistry in 2020 for developing a method for genome editing. They discovered a tool for changing the DNA and rewriting the code of life, opening the road to new therapies of cancer and inherited diseases. It was the first Nobel Prize for Science, awarded to two women alone.
Alice Ball (1892-1916)
She was the first woman and the first African American to receive a Master's degree from the University of Hawaii. The first woman to become a Chemistry professor at the University as well. At 23 years old, she developed a new therapy for leprosy, but she passed away before publishing her research findings. Her contribution was not recognized until the 21st century, when on February 29th became the "Alice Ball Day" by the governor of Hawaii.
Mae C. Jemison (age 65)
She is the first African American female Astronaut. In 1987, she became the first African American woman to be admitted into NASA's astronaut training program. In 1992, she became the first African American woman in space.
Lynn Conway (age 83)
Transgender activist in the field of computer science, known for her work in developing new methods of integrated circuit design. She restarted her career after her gender transition, living in fear for decades of losing her job again until she became a transgender activist. Among other contributions to Computer Architecture, she launched a revolution in microchip design in the 1980s.
Maria Winkelmann (1670-1720)
She was an Astronomer and the first woman to discover a new comet in 1702. Her husband, who was also an Astronomer, published the discovery without her name. He only admitted that she was the source of the discovery eight years after the publication.
Esther Duflo (age 48)
2019 Nobel Prize awarded economist in Economic Sciences, among two men Economists, for their new approach of obtaining reliable answers about the best ways to eliminate global poverty.