The Scandinavian Model of Energy

Most countries in Europe make an effort to ensure a sustainable future based on renewable energy sources - reducing greenhouse gas emissions and the global dependence on fossil fuels- and an environmentally responsible way of living. However, Scandinavian countries seem to lead to a different model on energy management. They are trying to achieve different energy-use-based goals and constantly try to cope with the impacts of climate change.


According to Eurostat, all Scandinavian countries in 2018 (Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark, and Iceland) hit the set target for 2020. Most of them exceeded it by far.


Without a doubt, it constitutes a multilevel procedure. Examining the policy of these countries, we can see that they support innovation and take immediate action. They apply smart and energy-efficient ideas in buildings and infrastructure, both in outdoor and indoor spaces. They exploit their competitive advantages such as the Smart Specialization, Zero Energy Buildings (ZEBs), and Reduction of the Heat Stress in indoor spaces. All targets are referring to energy been saved and not wasted. They conduct measurements, simulations and in general, Scandinavian scientists study different scenarios, implement new methods and pose innovative perspectives in using renewable sources without destroying the environment.


To sum up, Scandinavian countries do pretty well with all these steps and policies they apply. All European – or not- countries should consider adopting these policies, too, within their resources. The European Union should build cooperations to secure the conditions that energy is produced, transmitted, and shared. A new advantageous framework of collaborations should maintain the innovative and effective way of the Scandinavian Model towards climate change.



Sources:

https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Renewable_energy_statistics


http://wp.circle.lu.se/upload/CIRCLE/workingpapers/201623_asheim_et_al.pdf


https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1029/2000GL012196